St. Petersburg state university
Issuing time:2020-04-05 00:00
St Petersburg state university is known as the university of Leningrad, the good university, one of the world rankings in 28, the university of st. Petersburg, Russia's oldest university is the source of many world famous school of thought is one of the progress of social sports major center. Russian President vladimir putin and prime minister dmitry medvedev graduated from the school of law. St Petersburg state university is located in the north bank of the Neva river opposite to winter palace, founded in 1724 is one of the university of Russia earlier established, 32 years earlier than the creation of Moscow university, is a famous comprehensive university, is also one of Russian education, scientific and cultural center. St. Petersburg state university now has about 20,000 students, including more than 1,000 foreign students. It has more than 4,000 faculty, 12 science research institutes and 19 departments. Since its establishment, it has trained more than 165,000 experts of all kinds.
The history of st Petersburg university is closely linked to the development of Russia, science and culture in the former Soviet union. Annals in Russia, st. Petersburg university has emerged, many outstanding people and scientists wrote many glorious chapter, and for the world and the human science and technology progress, make their own contribution. St. Petersburg state university of linguistics, which is rated as a good major by UNESCO, ranks among the top 30 in the world. The beautiful st. Petersburg is a world famous tourist city with many UNESCO world cultural heritage sites.
On March 6, 1863, he teaches after graduation season, Iraq, mendeleev in Russian chemical society meeting, read out he found that the chemical element periodic law, and established the chemical element periodic system. His achievements laid the foundation of modern chemical structure theory and played an important role in studying the synthesis of various chemical substances and new elements. Engels called it "a great contribution to science".
On May 7, 1895, at the age of 35, yas popov, a physics and mathematics student at beida, presented his invention of the world's front-end radio receiver at the Russian physical-chemistry society. In the same year, it also made a lightning indicator and became the inventor of the world radio communication.
The Nobel laureate in physiology or medicine in 1904 was also a graduate of st. Petersburg university. He founded the materialist theory of advanced neural activity, the larger modern physiology school and the new method of physiology research.
Famous writers turgenev and serafimovic had received higher education in the school. Dmitri blagojeev, one of the founders of the Bulgarian communist party, also studied there and so on. Many of the graduates later became famous scientists, educators, artists, composers, activists and revolutionaries.
Many teachers at st Petersburg university were the founders or representatives of Russia's famous school of thought. For example, the famous mathematicians vi ya janyakovsky and ba ni chebyshev are the founders of the petroborg school of mathematics, which was founded early, powerful and influential in the field of mathematics in Russia.
Renowned physicist and electrical engineer ai heh lenz, a former President of st. Petersburg university, was the founder of Russia's early peterborough school of physics. In 1883, he proposed a law to determine the direction of the induced current, which was later named lenz's law. He also studied electromagnets in cooperation with PI xie Jacobi and proposed electromagnetic computing method, which is one of the founders of the theory of electromagnetic phenomena. Yaa wasikowska, the founder of the independent Russian school of chemistry, is known as the "father of Russian chemistry".
Russia's great natural science laboratory, yei michezhenov, was the founder of the school of physiology at st. Petersburg university, a great university in the history of science. His book, reflections of the brain, demonstrates the reflective nature of consciousness and non-consciousness, and proves that the physiological processes that can be identified by objective methods are the basis of psychological phenomena. His theory laid the foundation of materialistic psychology, labor psychology, age psychology, comparative psychology and evolutionary psychology. Known as the "father of materialistic physiology".
Eight of st. Petersburg's graduates and former professors have won Nobel prizes.